CHAPTER 7.-- AMERICAN JEWS -- 6 Million = 2% US [ISRAEL 7M, WORLD 14M]


A.                INTRODUCTION

World Jewry, approximating 14 million in 2015, includes the US with 6 million, Israel with 6.9 million [76% Jews, with 20% Arabs], France with 600,000, Canada with 360,000, Ukraine 300,000 and England with 275,000, which represents 92%. The median age US is 41, while only half of Jewish women aged 30-34 have no children. Of the Jewish population, 11% are children. It is interesting to note that of the Jews living in Israel, 41% are from Europe or America, 16% from Africa, and 13% from Asia. In 2004 Jewish immigration was 20,000, down 3,000 from the previous year.

The largest concentration of Jews in the world [outside Israel] is still in America. They are a mission field because of their theology. They do not believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Moishe Rosen, a Hebrew Christian and founder of Jews for Jesus Mission, says that most Jews will exit from this life into a Christless eternity. They are also a mission field because they are isolated from the gospel. That isolation is partly because of their own attitude toward Christianity, which they reject, and in part toward the attitude of the Gentile church, whose concern for the Jew is too often expressed in the idea that he has already had his chance. Finally, the Jew is a mission field that the church has already recognized as standing in need of evangelization; therefore, it has commissioned several hundred missionaries and recognized sixty-nine mission boards to begin to meet that need.


Who is the Jew that the church admits is a mission field? He is variously defined as one who traces his lineage to Abraham, or one who has a Jewish mother. But now a Jew is anyone who claims to be a Jew, for "Jews are no longer certain just what makes them into a people."

American Jews have come from a variety of countries of the Jewish Diaspora. The earliest Jews arrived with the colonists but not from Europe. They were Spanish and Portuguese Marranos who were fleeing the Inquisitor. The Marranos were Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity and then encouraged to migrate to Brazil to establish business enterprises. It was feared that the Marranos were really Jews at heart; therefore, the Inquisitor sought to force them to comply with Christianity. The Marranos were fleeing to Holland for asylum when they were blown off course and landed in the colonies, where they were not warmly welcomed.

A second stream of Jews migrated during the later half of the nineteenth century. These Jews were from the European ghettos that had been established four centuries earlier. They were welcomed as entrepreneurs who had entered the world of banking and retailing to help transform America into an industrial nation.

A third group of Jews came from Russia during the years following 1880. Thirty-five thousand per year came from the Pale in Russian-occupied Poland until 3,000,000 poverty-stricken and almost illiterate Jews arrived. They were a complete contrast to the German Jews who had already become Americanized and who now helped the new arrivals to quickly assimilate. The Russian Jews became a real force in helping to organize the American labor movement.

Fourth, between the years 1933 and 1939, 157,000 Jews fled from Germany to escape Hitler's mania to destroy European Jewry. That migration depleted a large section of Germany's intellectual elite, thus transferring "the world's intellectual leadership from Europe to America." In the next decade 200,000 others fled devastated Europe.

Fifth, during the decade of the 1960s, 73,000 Jews fled Fidel Castro's Cuba and the Arab Near East. Since 1970 and the Helsinki Accords, 10,000 Russian Jewish emigres enter annually. This number represents 50 percent of those who flee from the tyranny of Russia, which has 1 million Jews, the third largest Jewish population in the world. During 2015-16, 100,000 Jews reemigrated back to Russia, many maintaining both passports. Although there is some anti-semitism, yet many oligarchs are Jewish. Jewish schools are being built in several cities of Russia. Yet somes Jews are fleeing Putin's Russia.


Why has America become a large center of the Jewish Diaspora? Here the Jew has found refuge from a worldwide racism that is an outgrowth of neurotic nationalism called anti-Semitism. The Jew was able to flee anti-Jewishness, an effort to convert him to Christianity, by migrating to another country, but anti-Semitism, the mind-set to destroy him, is much more malignant and difficult to escape. In America the Jews have faced and continue to face outbursts of racism that are mostly unorganized except for Ku Klux Klan activity, but according to studies, this racist attitude is merely dormant because fully one-third of the American population is highly prejudicial. Still, anti-Semitism has never been the ideology of the American federal government. In 1996 the Anti-Defamation League reported that violent incidents against Jews was down in Florida, Pennsylvania and Michigan, but on the rise nationally as well as on college campuses. New York state had the highest incidence, with New Jersey and California following.

An article in US News and World Report [May 2002, An Old Hatred’s New Day], suggests that anti-Semitism is on the rise world-wide, especially in Europe, particularly in France. Why France? Because there are 6.5 million Muslim living there among some 520,000 Jews. The French government does not crack down ostensibly for fear of loosing the 10% Muslim vote. The new resurgent anti-Semitism is spawned by a virulent militant Islamist anti-Semitism. The Islamist agenda of establishing theocratic states has alarmed Middle Eastern regimes; therefore, they have adopted the hatred of Israel part of the Islamist agenda as an act of self preservation, thus giving rise to worldwide anti-Semitism. Hate rallies are also happening in many European countries such as, Belgium, Russia and Holland. England’s  chief Rabbi said that Jewish people are suffering the worst anti-Semitism in that country since the Nazi Holocaust [Israel My Glory July/August ‘02].


Jews are overwhelmingly an urban people. In fact, more than one-half of all Jews live in seven major cities. Yet, there is scarcely a city in the United States where Jews are not resident. The largest Jewish city in the world is New York City, which is home for 1,940,000 Jews. Moishe Rosen says, "New York City is not just another city. It is the city to be reached in Jewish evangelism, the key to evangelism in North America." The only other city with a million or more is Tel Aviv, Israel with 1,860,000.

At one time the Jewish community was located in the industrial part of the city, with the Temple close by. Boston city, however, is an illustration of the Jewish move to the suburbs taking place across the nation. Boston city’s Jewish population is diminishing. Historically the first Synagogue was established in 1846. By 1936 there were 118,000 Jews attending some 56 congregations. In fact, at one time the number of congregations outnumbered the Protestant churches, but not the Catholic. However, during the 1950’s and 60’s, 90,000 Jews left Boston for the suburbs, leaving only 28,000 in the metro. Of this number only 25% were active in the remaining 10 synagogues. Greater Boston is still home for 235,000.

Eight states of the industrial north from Illinois to Massachusetts contain 5,000,000 Jews (88 percent). New York State has the largest population of Jews, with 1,940,000 living in NYC. The second largest population center is 871,000. in CA, with 591,000 in Los Angeles,  210,000 in San Francisco and 70,000 in San Diego. Florida is third having 839,000, with 535,000 in Miami, Ft. Lauderdale with 174,000 and over 63,000 each in both Holywood and Palm Beach areas.

Along the eastern seaboard, Baltimore 105,000, Washington, DC 166,000, Atlanta 70,000. Moving west Detroit has 95,000 Jews living in a large Muslim concentration. Houston has 42,000, St. Louis with 54,000, Phoenix has 50,000 and Seattle some 29,000. All in all there are 32 areas with more than 25,000.

Worldwide, Israel has the largest concentration with 2,764,000, [Tel Aviv-1.86 million, Haifa and Jerusalem each with 450,000]. Otherwise, only a few heavy concentrations remain, such as, Paris, France has 310,000, Canada [264,000] has two large concentrations, Toronto 166,000 and Montreal 100,000, London with 245,000, Ukraine has 260,000 and Buenos Aires, Argentina 180,000.

Every state has more than 300 Jewish residents and most have several thousand. It is reported that annually 7,200 Jews move to Las Vegas, where there are 19 synagogues. The only way the widely disseminated American Jews will be confronted with the gospel will be through the mobilization of evangelical churches, which are also widely dispersed.


American Jews are not only an ethnic minority; they are also a religious community. That religious community is deeply divided. Twenty percent are called ‘fulfilled Jews’, meaning they are Christian Jews. Another 16% are Secular Jews, who have no religious beliefs. Many of these are business and professional persons. They still affirm that they are Jews and have no inclination to lose their Jewishness even though a third of their Jewish youth marry Gentiles. Most Jews affirm an ethical monotheism that may or may not have any specific boundaries or permanently fixed views. But, they all declare "faith in Torah."

The remaining 64% of Jews are divided into three sects. The several streams of Jewish emigres through the years brought with them a smorgasbord of religious beliefs. The majority of Jews came from the European ghettos and brought with them a rather strict, legalistic Orthodox Judaism which include 7% of Jews.  When they arrived in America, they quickly adopted a life-style that did not include the ghetto or the old religious leaders. Most of the Jews discarded ghetto Judaism and the Yiddish language as they reformed their lifestyle and joined the Reform Synagogue which includes 32% of Jews. This often happened in the brief period of a decade. Not all orthodox Jews bolted the strict practice of Judaism. On the northwest edge of Oak Park, a suburb of Central Detroit, is an Orthodox Jewish community. In a two-square-mile area men may be seen wearing black Homburg hats, long overcoats, and full beards. Nineteen synagogues, ten Jewish bakeries, as many kosher butcher shops, and two rabbinical colleges service the community.

A reaction to the radical reforms of the latter movement gave rise to a middle-of-the-road position called Conservative Judaism, which includes 25% of Jews. In Conservatism there was a move to restore Jewishness without the legalism of the Orthodox.

Finally, the centralization of power in the Jewish community has gravitated away from the synagogue and the rabbi to the community federation and its president. Evangelization of the Jew will need to take into consideration this unique power structure and the concurrent loss of power of the rabbi and the synagogue. Surveys indicate that only nine percent of Jews attend synagogue regularly each week.


The concerned Gentile Christian recognizes that Jews are spiritually lost and stands in need of a Savior. He further concedes that one day the Lord will gather up His Jewish people and return them to the Holy Land. But for now the Jew is set aside because of unbelief. He is being punished; therefore, should he be evangelized?

He should be evangelized because that is the revealed plan of God. Paul wrote to the church at Rome:

Dear brothers, the longing of my heart and my prayer is that the Jewish people might be saved. I know what enthusiasm they have for the honor of God, but it is misdirected zeal. For they don't understand that Christ has died to make them right with God. Instead they are trying to make themselves good enough to gain God's favor by keeping the Jewish laws and customs, but that is not God's way of salvation.

As you know, God has appointed me as a special messenger to you Gentiles. I lay great stress on this and remind the Jews about it as often as I can, so that if possible I can make them want what you Gentiles have and in that way save some of them. Romans 10:1¬4, 11:13, 14 (TLB).

Jews have been persecuted from the year 70 when Titus destroyed the Temple and the Jews were scattered in the Diaspora until the Holocaust in Germany, when 6,000,000 Jews were slaughtered during the late 1930s and early 1940s. Much of that persecution has been at the hands of so-called Christian nations or their leaders. It is said that John Chrysostom, an early church Father, preached that God hates the Jew and the Christian should also because the Jew was the Christ killer.

The Roman Catholic church banished Jews from the Vatican State in the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. Spain forced Jews to be baptized in the fifteenth century. The Inquisitors sought to force the Jewish Marranos to live like Christians for 300 years.

Even Martin Luther's brief pro-Jewish attitude soon turned to vehement anti-Jewishness, and he encouraged their expulsion from Christian lands. It is no wonder then that "a latent mistrust of Christians and a deeply rooted prejudice against Christianity possess the soul of the Jewish people because of the long ill-treatment accorded them by instigation of churchmen."

John Calvin was strangely silent about the Jews. In fact, for three centuries Protestant churches did nothing to evangelize them. Although much is being done now to bring Jews to the knowledge of Christ, the Jewish missionary will most assuredly not want to be unaware of how Christians have treated the Jews in the past. Perhaps this knowledge may also stir a nascent church to greater activity.

D.                JEWISH MISSIONS

Organized Jewish evangelism is a relatively recent idea. Jews were not a spiritual concern of the Reformers (c. 1517) or of the denominations that followed. The first mission established to evangelize the Jews was founded in 1809 in England. Originally it was completely independent of the Church of England, but later the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews became an Anglican mission with worldwide ministries.

A similar pattern of Jewish missions in the United States is evident. The colonial churches had little concern for the spiritual welfare of the growing number of Jewish immigrants who were fleeing to America for asylum from various countries of the world. It was not until 1885 that the American Messianic Fellowship was established under the name Chicago Hebrew Mission. A decade later in New York City the Chosen People Ministries, [formerly American Board of Missions to the Jews] began work among the largest concentration of Jews in the world. But the greatest concern for Jewish evangelism in the United States is a twentieth-century phenomenon.

By the ninth decade of the century, there were 67 mission societies and several hundred missionaries. Three-fourths of the missionaries work under the auspices of the ten largest missions, which average thirty members. Fully 80 percent of the missions, however, have fewer than ten missionaries and the average is only three.

The multiplication of societies may be seen as an attempt to establish centers of evangelism in cities across the country where Jews have congregated. However, the task is a mammoth one. One-third of American Jewry live in New York City, but only forty-four missionaries (11 percent) work in this city; therefore, each missionary has a mission field of 45,000 Jews.

The problem is the same in every city. Although seven cities contain 56 percent of all Jews in the United States, only 20 percent of the missionary staff is deployed to reach those cities. Hundreds of cities have no missionary at all.

It has been established that there are Jews in all fifty states. Missionaries are working in thirty-six states. However, there are no missionaries in fourteen states where thousands of Jews reside. Nine states have more than ten missionaries, including California, which has the largest number (80). Among those with less than ten missionaries is Maryland, which has seven missionaries working among 226,000 Jews. This means that each worker has a mission field of nearly 32,000 souls.

It should be obvious that missionaries to Jewish people are broadly scattered, often working alone among lonely men and women. The Fellowship of Christian Testimonies to the Jews [1950]  was established with four objectives:

1. To promote fellowship in order to improve, strengthen, harmonize, and expand the ministries of the individual and collective membership in evangelization of the Jewish people

2. To rouse the Christian church to a sense of her obligation and responsibility toward the Jews  and to encourage the proclamation of the whole counsel of God concerning His chosen people

3. To create a sympathetic attitude toward the Jewish people suffering through anti-Semitism or at the hand of agencies hostile to them

4. To present a united front on behalf of gospel witness to the Jewish people.

Tragically this fellowship no longer exists. Hopefully this can be corrected.

The International Fellowship of Christians and Jews is a worldwide organization which essentially helps Jews from various countries do Aliya to Israel, and supports them.

Missionary work among Jews  is primarily a one-on-one ministry. Whether the ministry takes the form of door-to-door visitation, home Bible studies, correspondence courses, or telephone ministry, it requires patience and understanding. Radio ministry is effective because it provides a private atmosphere for personal study. A radio program of classical music can be useful since Jewish people often enjoy the classics.

Festive occasions are important to the Jews ; therefore, missions have discovered that Jews may accept an invitation to a banquet in which a Jewish festival is being commemorated. Education is given a high priority in Jewish life-style, which means that quality Christian literature should be produced with a Jewish mind-set. It also suggests the need for a broad campus ministry. Statistics indicate that a higher percentage of Jewish college-aged youth are in college than the national average. Significantly, of the five largest evangelical campus ministries, the fourth and fifth are Jewish.

Jews  are very much involved in social issues and cultural events. Matters affecting Israel, such as reforestation of Israel, receive their utmost attention. In some ways that interest can be capitalized on and used to the glory of the Lord.

Jews  are not unaware of Christian terminology, but they probably have an incomplete or distorted understanding of its true meaning. It is essential that the missionary be aware of what Jews understand when certain terms are used such as Jesus, Messiah, Christian, convert, or salvation. The converse will also be true, for the Christian will need to understand Jewish theology to know what is meant by Jewish usage of certain terms.

There is widespread optimism that now is the day of Jewish evangelism. One mission leader says, “Never was there a more opportune time to present the claims of the Messiah. Jews  are coming to know Jesus as the Messiah. This presents a dilemma for both the missionary and the convert. The problem simply stated is, where will the Hebrew Christian go to church?

There are at least two options. First, the Hebrew Christian may join a Gentile Christian church. However, Huisjen notes that most churches are not prepared to receive the Hebrew Christian. Second, he may attend one of the growing number of messianic congregations. Manny Brotman, director of the Messianic Jewish Movement, International, indicates that in this atmosphere the Jew can worship in a traditional manner centered around the Messiah who has brought new abundant life to Judaism. In the former option, it is suggested that the Hebrew Christian will of necessity need to lose something of his Jewishness, whereas in the latter option he may be less alienated from the Jewish community. Dr. Louis Goldberg of Moody Bible Institute summarizes succinctly:

Cultural identification with the Jewish community is vital if we are to communicate the gospel properly and that attention must be given to ethnic, territorial, and historical forms. This will be incumbent upon the church of Gentile believers if they seek to adequately understand and communicate the message to Jewish people. When it is not possible for a non-Jewish congregation to be that kind of witness, it then may become necessary to have a Messianic Jewish congregational-type worship which will be able to witness more effectively to the Jewish community.

Moishe Rosen, Founder of the Jews for Jesus Mission [1973], second in size after the Chosen People Ministries [1984, was Am. Bd. MIss. Jews 1897], popularized that approach in 1973. Several [80]messianic synagogues have formed the Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations [1979] to give visibility to the Jewish community that there are other Jews who believe in the Messiah and to provide a place where they can take their relatives and friends who would not enter a Gentile church. In 2007 there were some 438 Messianic Congregations meeting in 40 states. They have established some 250 Messianic Synagogues. Most congregations are 40% Jewish and 60% Gentile. The CJF Ministries [Christian Jew Foundation] mission is to: Evangelize, Equip and Educate, forming Messianic Jewish congegations, operating out of TX.

On the other hand, there are those like Marvin Rosenthal, international director of Zion’s Hope [1989], who believe that messianic Judaism is not messianic, Jewish, or biblical. Any reasoned approach to the issue will at least raise the question as verbalized by Paul Feinberg of Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, "Does the Messianic Jewish approach make the Christian witness more credible in the Jewish community?"

In answer, Richard Quebedeaux suggests that it does not when he says, "Because the established Jewish community feels that these Messianic Jews  are really Christian evangelists masquerading as Jews to gain converts, it is extremely upset by their actions." The controversy will not be settled without taking into account serious theological and missiological reasons for the new and effective approach.

If American Jews  are to be reached for Christ, a twofold thrust must be developed. First, Jewish home missions must enlarge their work force and expand geographically. They must reach into the cities and suburbs where there are Jews and no missionary presence. They must deploy their missionaries proportionately where there are concentrations of Jews, thus correcting such inequities as are manifest in the State of California, where only 21 percent of the missionary staff of Jewish missions working in California minister in Los Angeles, where 69 percent of the Jewish population resides.

Second,. and perhaps more critical, the church will need to recognize its privilege and responsibility to include evangelization of the Jews in its own evangelistic program and support missionary efforts to reach the Jews. For nearly fifty years the leaders of Jewish mission organizations have been offering training programs to local churches. All of the larger missions conduct seminars to train laymen to reach their Jewish neighbors, but the response has been meager. Perhaps an attitudinal problem needs to be addressed, for

a number of years ago a survey revealed that the attitude of nearly two-thirds of rank and file church members is unbefitting a Christian, and therefore, a hindrance to the cause instead of a help. Further, it is one thing to assume a friendly attitude towards a Jew as we meet him, but, quite another to favor inviting him to attend one's own church and possibly having him into one's own church circle.

From all indications, the Jew is more responsive to the gospel now than ever before. One study reveals that between 18,000 and 33,000 Jews have been converted to Christianity since 1965. Jack Heintz wrote in the Prophecy News Bulletin, "Many Jewish people are now more open to the Gospel than at any time since the first century." Rosen reports that some 60,000 Jews worldwide have turned to Christ. Israel has some 40 congregations of between 2 to 4,000 Christians.

 To provide a national and international basis for fellowship for Jewish Christians, several alliances have been formed. The Hebrew Christian Alliance of America founded in 1915 became the Messianic Jewish Alliance of America [MJAA], [1975], to bring together Jewish believers in Yeshua for fellowship and to make a strong statement that it was Jewish to believe in Messiah. Biennial conferences are held every two years called, ‘Messiah ‘96 [etc.]’. The Young Messianic Jewish Alliance [YMJA], was established for younger Jews. An international arm was formed in 1984 called, International Alliance of Messianic Congregations and Synagogues [IAMCS]. The overall purpose of these organizations is to unite Jewish believers in Yeshua and to make Messiah known.

Jewish evangelism must now also include concern for 700,000 Russian Jewish emigres and the 15,000 who emigrate annually. In 1991, 80 percent settled in the United States. Mikhail Morgules of Slavic Gospel Association [1934] in New York City estimates that up to one-half of Russian-speaking Jews are locating in New York City. Jim Melnich, field director for Russian Émigré Ministries of the Slavic Gospel Association indicates that the mission has set up an Émigré Office in Chicago to assist the 10,000 Chicagoland emigres. The Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry began a work in 1980 among 10,000 Soviet Jews in the Dallas-Fort Worth area of Texas. Other groups of equal number have settled in Los Angeles, Detroit, and Cleveland. Russian Jews are highly educated and at least middle class Americans who are very supportive of Irael where they have relatives.

It is necessary then that the church awake to her responsibility, for in the words of Marvin Rosenthal, "The church has yet to come to grips with its responsibility to evangelize the Jews  as part of its present mandate." It is true that the church has commissioned several missions to evangelize Jews, but it will take the combined efforts of both missionaries and church laymen to accomplish the task. It needs to be remembered that "Jewish people are not uniquely difficult to reach with the gospel, but they must be reached uniquely."

Consider the experience of Berkley Community Church, a north suburb of Detroit. They teamed with Tim Munger, a field evangelist with Friends of Israel Ministry, to seek to reach into nearby Southfield, where 5,000 Russian Jewish immigrants live in Metro Detroit. They established Sunday afternoon meetings, placed advertisements in newspapers and passed out fliers promoting Enlish language assistance and conversation. They showed Moody Science videos in Russian, provided language literature and Bibles. Regular prayer meetings involved the whole church in the outreach ministry. Special concerts by Alyosha Ryabinov, a Russian concert pianist from the Ukraine and Mark Kosmossarov, a Russian violinist were especially well attended. The Russian Jews  are responding to the patient and persistent evangelism and outpouring of love by the church people, for the Russian Jews are held in low esteem in the Detroit Jewish community.

There is a growing interest in Jewish evangelism. Bible schools, such as Moody Bible Institute, have developed a program of Jewish mission studies, and Jewish mission boards stand ready to assist any church interested in starting a Jewish evangelistic program. Tolbert School of Theology offers MDiv. in Jewish studies. Friends of Israel Ministries [1938] created the "Institute of Jewish Studies" [1986] now under Philadephia Biblical University and as of 2009 has online classes on the Internet. NOTE: PBU was Philadelphia College of the Bible [1958], then Philadelphia Biblical University [2000] and now CAIRN University 2012.

CommonQuest [1996], a magazine based at Howard University is co-authored by Russell Adams, head of the African-American studies department and John Reider, professor at Columbia University, to understand and close the often-stormy relationship between Blacks and Jews . Reider indicates that

“Blacks and Jews  have been very creative in maintaining their separateness while trying to reconcile their belonging. We will offer lively explorations of the relationship, in conflict and amity, and through them of larger issues of identity and race.

Paul Wilkes, a Roman Catholic, in 1994 wrote a book about a year in the life of a typical American rabbi. In it he summarized the meaning of Judaism to the average Jew when he said that many Jews  during their High Holy Days, “will make their once-a-year visit to a synagogue, a brief contact with the religion that otherwise to them is mainly an ethnic identity”.


1. Hebrew Scriptures, Box 770138, Lakewood, OH 44107-0015, PH 216-459-8775 The Society for

    Distributing Hebrew Scriptures provides a free copy of the Holy Scriptures [NT] to every Jewish home in

    dual languages, Hebrew and whatever language is appropriate to the recipient. Tom Atwood serves as the

    general secretary of the American branch. Copies are available in English, French, Spanish, Dutch,

    Portuguese, Arabic, Russian and Romanian. A Hebrew-Yiddish edition is being prepared. A Hebrew OT

    is available and a Hebrew-English OT is being prepared.

2. American Association for Jewish Evangelism

3. Biblical Research Society

4. Lederer Foundation

5. Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations, 2208 Rockland Ave, Rockville, MD 20851-2399  Ph 301-770-

    2494  It exists to provide aid in establishing and growth of Messianic Jewish Congregations worldwide.

6. International Hebrew Christian Alliance, Box 758, Palm Harbor, FL 33563, It’s purpose is to foster a

    spirit of fellowship and co-operation among Hebrew Christians worldwide.

7. ‘Messianic Times’ , published 4 times a year out of MD, gives a list of Messianic Congregations 301-


8. Jewish Ministry Institute, 526 W Liberty St, Ashland, OH 44805, Rev. Gary Candlish President, Ph. 419-282-0026  E   Bridging the gap between the local church and American Jews.

9. Institute of Jewish Studies of Friends of Israel has joined with Philadelphia College of Bible and is now called, Friends of Israel Institute of Jewish Studies—A school of Philadelphia College of Bible. P.O. Box 908, Bellmaur, NJ 08099.  1.800.257.7843
















FRIENDS OF ISRAEL GOSPEL MINISTRY, INC [absorbed Cleveland Hebrew Mission, which became Remnant Ministries]





















































KOL, Emeth Messianic Jewish Outreach